With the collaboration of professionals from countries such as Spain and Brazil, a team of Argentine researchers from the provinces of Rosario and Tucumán have developed a new biodegradable material that promises to revolutionize the chances of recovering people with severe bone damage.
The regeneration of injured bone tissues could occur without having to subject the patient to external implants. This is great news; considering that it is risky for older patients and athletes to undergo surgery.
The product is a derivative of natural elastin; a protein combined with amino acid sequences that imparts elasticity to tissues that promote cell adhesion.
According to Sara Feldman, project leader and researcher of Conicet and the Research Council of the National University of Rosario, Elastin is essential in the development of bones and cartilage.
This material, applied as a gel to a bone lesion, promotes the creation of new tissue and is biodegraded until it disappears from the body.
Early tests (performed on "in vitro" bones, not on humans or animals) indicate that the tissue is effectively repaired, and that when the gel is applied, it helps the cells close to the wound to reproduce and rebuild the bone.
The potential for application would range from dentistry to traumatology, and would specifically work in fractures caused by blows, accidents, or constant wear and tear that may occur in older adults.
There is still a lack of evidence to make the product available in hospitals, but the potential is encouraging.